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In this series of quizzes,we will be providing most important questions on Arithmetic (Percentage, Profit Loss,TSD,Time and Work,etc) which are usually asked in the exams.In Prelims Examination,usually 10-15 questions are asked from this topic.
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Question 1 of 10
1. Question
25 pieces of Saree each 175 cm in length can be cut for a reel of cloth. After cutting these pieces, 90 cm of cloth is left. What is the length of the reel of cloth in metres?
Correct
Total piece of Saree = 25
Length of a piece = 175 cm
So, total length of the reel
= 25 x 175 + 90 = 4375 + 90
= 4465 cm = 44.65 m
Incorrect
Total piece of Saree = 25
Length of a piece = 175 cm
So, total length of the reel
= 25 x 175 + 90 = 4375 + 90
= 4465 cm = 44.65 m
Question 2 of 10
2. Question
Ganesh started a business investing Rs. 45,000. After 3 months, Vimal joined him with a capital of Rs. 60,000. After another 3 months, Anand joined them with a capital of Rs. 90,000. At the end of the year, they made a profit of Rs. 18,600. What is Ganesh’s share of profit?
Correct
Share of investment = 45000*12: 60000*9:90000*6
= 540: 540: 540 = 1:1:1
∴ Ganesh’s Profit = 1/3 x 18600 = Rs.6200
Incorrect
Share of investment = 45000*12: 60000*9:90000*6
= 540: 540: 540 = 1:1:1
∴ Ganesh’s Profit = 1/3 x 18600 = Rs.6200
Question 3 of 10
3. Question
The length of a rectangle exceeds its breath by 8 cm. If the length is decreased by 5 cm and the breadth is increased by 4 cm, then the area of the new rectangle will be the same as the area of the original rectangle. What will be the perimeter of the original rectangle?
Correct
Let the breadth of the original rectangle be x cm.
∴ Length = (x + 8) cm.
According to the question,
x (x + 8) = (x + 8 – 5) (x + 4)
x^{2} + 8x = x^{2} + 7x + 12
x = 12
∴ Perimeter of original rectangle
2 (x + 8 + x) = 4x + 16
4 x 12 + 16 = 64 cm
Incorrect
Let the breadth of the original rectangle be x cm.
∴ Length = (x + 8) cm.
According to the question,
x (x + 8) = (x + 8 – 5) (x + 4)
x^{2} + 8x = x^{2} + 7x + 12
x = 12
∴ Perimeter of original rectangle
2 (x + 8 + x) = 4x + 16
4 x 12 + 16 = 64 cm
Question 4 of 10
4. Question
A started a business with an investment of 8000 and 3 months after B takes over the business from A, with same capital, and after three months C invested 7500 and A entered business for last three months with half of his initial investment. Find the profit percentage of A if the total profit is 8500 at the end of the year.
Manufacturer marked up his goods price 25% more than its cost price. One shopkeeper bought goods from the manufacturer at 10% discount and he sold it at Rs.1800 which gives 20% of profit. Find the original Approximate cost price of goods?
Correct
Let Assume the cost price be X
marked price = 1.25X
Discounted price = 1.25x *0.9 =1.125x
120 – 1800
100 = 1500
1500 = 1.125 x
X= Rs.1333 (approximate)
Incorrect
Let Assume the cost price be X
marked price = 1.25X
Discounted price = 1.25x *0.9 =1.125x
120 – 1800
100 = 1500
1500 = 1.125 x
X= Rs.1333 (approximate)
Question 6 of 10
6. Question
What is the present age of Rahul, if his father is 5 times of Rahul three ago and their age ratio will be 11:3 after two years?
Correct
5X+5 / X+5 = 11/3
15x+15 = 11x+55
4x=40
x=10
Present Age of Rahul = 10+3 =13 years
Incorrect
5X+5 / X+5 = 11/3
15x+15 = 11x+55
4x=40
x=10
Present Age of Rahul = 10+3 =13 years
Question 7 of 10
7. Question
What is the probability of forming rectangle by 4 vertical lines and 3 horizontal lines?
Correct
possible probability = 4C_{2} * 3C_{2}
Total possibility = 7C_{4}
total probability= 4C_{2} * 3C_{2} / 7C_{4}
= 18/35
Incorrect
possible probability = 4C_{2} * 3C_{2}
Total possibility = 7C_{4}
total probability= 4C_{2} * 3C_{2} / 7C_{4}
= 18/35
Question 8 of 10
8. Question
15 men and 2 wardens lived in the hostel. Their Average weight will be 32 kg. One warden left and at the same time one new man joined in the hostel. Now the average weight is 28kg. Then What is the difference between the weight of the warden left from the hostel and the new man joined the hostel?
Correct
15 men and 2 wardens average weight is 32 kg.
Total weight of 17 persons= 32*17 =544 kg
One warden left and at the same time one new man joined in the hostel. Now the average weight is 28kg.
Total weight= 28*17= 476 kg
So, the difference between the weight of the warden left from the hostel and
the new man joined the hostel is,
=>544-476
=>68 kg
Incorrect
15 men and 2 wardens average weight is 32 kg.
Total weight of 17 persons= 32*17 =544 kg
One warden left and at the same time one new man joined in the hostel. Now the average weight is 28kg.
Total weight= 28*17= 476 kg
So, the difference between the weight of the warden left from the hostel and
the new man joined the hostel is,
=>544-476
=>68 kg
Question 9 of 10
9. Question
By throwing 2 dices, What is the probability of getting a sum of number which is divisible by 3?
What is the volume of cylinder, whose radius is 2 times of breadth of rectangle whose perimeter is 90cm, and length and breadth is in the ratio of 2:1 and cylinder height is equal to the side of square whose diagonal value is 20 cm ?