Course Of Action

1. Statement : A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type.

Courses of Action :
I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.
II. The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.

Option”E” is correct

Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. So, both the courses follow.

2.Statement : Severe drought is reported to have set in several parts of the country.

Courses of Action :
I. Government should immediately make arrangement for providing financial assistance to those affected.
II. Food, water and fodder should immediately be sent to all these areas to save the people and cattle.

Option”B” is correct

In the break-out of a natural calamity, the basic duty of the government becomes to provide the basic amenities essential to save the lives of people and cattle. Providing financial assistance to all would put undue burden on the country’s resources. So, only II follows.

3. Statement : Since its launching in 1981, Vayudoot has so far accumulated losses amounting to Rs 153 crore.

Courses of Action :
I. Vayudoot should be directed to reduce wasteful expenditure and to increase passenger fare.
II. An amount of about Rs 300 crore should be provided to Vayudoot to make the airliner economically viable.

Option”A” is correct

Clearly, for better economic gain, losses should be reduced and income increased. So, only course I follows.

4.Statement : Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a Reserve Bank of India directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign currency at international rates from January this year.

Courses of Action :
I. The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended.
II. The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks.

Option”D” is correct

The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows.

5. Statement : A large number of people die every year due to drinking polluted water during the summer.

Courses of Action :
I. The government should make adequate arrangements to provide safe drinking water to all its citizens.
II. The people should be educated about the dangers of drinking polluted water.

Option”E” is correct

The situation demands creating awareness among people about the dangers of drinking polluted water so that they themselves refrain from the same, and at the same time taking steps to provide safe drinking water. So, both the courses follow.

6. Statement : The sale of a particular product has gone down considerably causing great concern to the company.

Courses of Action :
I. The company should make a proper study of rival products in the market.
II. The price of the product should be reduced and quality improved.

Option”A” is correct

Clearly, a study of rival products in the market will help assess the cause for the lowering down of sales and then a suitable action can be taken. Thus, only I follow.

7. Statement : The Asian Development Bank has approved a $285 million loan to finance a project to construct coal ports by Paradip and Madras Port Trusts.

Courses of Action :
I. India should use financial assistance from other international financial organisations to develop such ports in other places.
II. India should not seek such financial assistance from the international financial agencies.

Option”A” is correct

Clearly, such projects shall be an asset and a source of income to the country later on. So, course I shall follow.

8. Statement : Doordarshan is concerned about the quality of its programmes particularly in view of stiff competition it is facing from STAR and other satellite TV channels and is contemplating various measures to attract talent for its programmes.

Courses of Action :
I. In an effort to attract talent, the Doordarshan has decided to revise its fee structure for the artists.
II. The fee structure should not be revised until other electronic media also revise it.

Option”A” is correct

Clearly, the decision to revise its fee structure for artists is taken by Doordarshan as a remedy to the challenging problem that had arisen before it. It cannot wait till other media take action. So, only course I follows.

9. Statement : The Minister said that the teachers are still not familiarised with the need, importance and meaning of population education in the higher education system. They are not even clearly aware about their role and responsibilities in the population education programme.

Courses of Action :
I. Population education programme should be included in the college curriculum.
II. Orientation programme should be conducted for teachers on population education.

Option”B” is correct

Clearly, the statement stresses on teachers’ lack of awareness and knowledge in population education and as such the best remedy would be to guide them in this field through orientation programmes. So, only course II follows.

10. Statement : A recent study shows that children below five die in the cities of the developing countries mainly from diarrhoea and parasitic intestinal worms.

Courses of Action :
I. Governments of the developing countries should take adequate measures to improve the hygienic conditions in the cities.
II. Children below five years in the cities of the developing countries need to be kept under periodic medical check-up.

Option”E” is correct

Clearly, the two diseases mentioned are caused by unhygienic conditions. So, improving the hygienic conditions is a step towards their eradication. Also, periodic medical check-up will help timely detection of the disease and hence a proper treatment. So, both I and II follow.