Set-10 Reading Comprehension For SBI PO and SBI Clerk 2019 | Must Go Through These Questions

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Directions:(1-10) Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:

In shape Egypt is like a lily with a crooked stem. A broad blossom terminates it at its upper end; a button of a bud projects from the stalk a little below the blossom, on the left-hand side. The broad blossom is the Delta, extending from Aboosir to Tineh, a direct distance of a hundred and eighty miles, which the projection of the coast—the graceful swell of the petals—enlarges to two hundred and thirty. The bud is the Fayoum, a natural depression in the hills that shut in the Nile valley on the west, which has been rendered cultivable for many thousands of years by the introduction into it of the Nile water, through a canal known as the “Bahr Yousouf.” The long stalk of the lily is the Nile valley itself, which is a ravine scooped in the rocky soil for seven hundred miles from the First Cataract to the apex of the Delta, sometimes not more than a mile broad, never more than eight or ten miles. No other country in the world is so strangely shaped, so long compared to its width, so straggling, so hard to govern from a single centre.

At the first glance, the country seems to divide itself into two strongly contrasted regions; and this was the original impression which it made upon its inhabitants. The natives from a very early time designated their land as “the two lands,” and represented it by a hieroglyph in which the form used to express “land” was doubled. The kings were called “chiefs of the Two Lands,” and wore two crowns, as being kings of two countries. The Hebrews caught up the idea, and though they sometimes called Egypt “Mazor” in the singular number, preferred commonly to designate it by the dual form “Mizraim,” which means “the two Mazors.” These “two Mazors,” “two Egypts,” or “two lands,” were, of course, the blossom and the stalk, the broad tract upon the Mediterranean known as “Lower Egypt,” or “the Delta,” and the long narrow valley that lies, like a green snake, to the south, which bears the name of “Upper Egypt,” or “the Said.” Nothing is more striking than the contrast between these two regions. Entering Egypt from the Mediterranean, or from Asia by the caravan route, the traveler sees stretching before him an apparently boundless plain, wholly unbroken by natural elevations, generally green with crops or with marshy plants, and canopied by a cloudless sky, which rests everywhere on a distant flat horizon. An absolute monotony surrounds him. No alternation of plain and highland, meadow and forest, no slopes of hills, or hanging woods, or dells, or gorges, or cascades, or rushing streams, or babbling rills, meet his gaze on any side; look which way he will, all is sameness, one vast smooth expanse of rich alluvial soil, varying only in being cultivated or else allowed to lie waste. Turning his back with something of weariness on the dull uniformity of this featureless plain, the wayfarer proceeds southwards, and enters, at the distance of a hundred miles from the coast, on an entirely new scene. Instead of an illimitable prospect meeting him on every side, he finds himself in a comparatively narrow vale, up and down which the eye still commands an extensive view, but where the prospect on either side is blocked at the distance of a few miles by rocky ranges of hills, white or yellow or tawny, sometimes drawing so near as to threaten an obstruction of the river course, sometimes receding so far as to leave some miles of cultivable soil on either side of the stream. The rocky ranges, as he approaches them, have a stern and forbidding aspect. They rise for the most part, abruptly in bare grandeur; on their craggy sides grows neither moss nor heather; no trees clothe their steep heights. They seem intended, like the mountains that enclosed the abode of Rasselas, to keep in the inhabitants of the vale within their narrow limits, and bar them out from any commerce or acquaintance with the regions beyond.

Such is the twofold division of the country which impresses the observer strongly at the first. On a longer sojourn and a more intimate familiarity, the twofold division gives place to one which is threefold. The lower differs from the upper valley, it is a sort of debatable region, half plain, half vale; the cultivable surface spreads itself out more widely, the enclosing hills recede into the distance; above all, to the middle tract belongs the open space of the Fayoum nearly fifty miles across in its greatest diameter, and containing an area of four hundred square miles. Hence, with some of the occupants of Egypt a triple division has been preferred to a twofold one, the Greeks interposing the “Heptanomis” between the The bais and the Delta, and the Arabs the “Vostani” between the Said and the Bahari, or “country of the sea.”

1. The long stalk of the Lily is compared to which part of the country in the passage?

2. Which of the following can most likely be the author’s profession?

3. Some of the occupants of Egypt prefer triple division to two-fold one because of which debatable region?

4. Which of the following part is referred to as Upper Egypt?

5. If a traveler enters Egypt through caravan route, which of the following scenes he/ she could encounter?

6. The broad blossom part extends through a distance of?

7. Which of the following is most opposite in meaning to the word “Crooked” as used in the passage?

8. Which of the following is opposite in meaning to the word “monotony” as used in the passage?

9. Which of the following is similar in meaning to the word “forbid” as used in the passage?

10. Which of the following is similar in meaning to the word “grandeur” as used in the passage?

 

 

Check your Answers below:

 

 

 

  • Directions:(1-10) Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:

    In shape Egypt is like a lily with a crooked stem. A broad blossom terminates it at its upper end; a button of a bud projects from the stalk a little below the blossom, on the left-hand side. The broad blossom is the Delta, extending from Aboosir to Tineh, a direct distance of a hundred and eighty miles, which the projection of the coast—the graceful swell of the petals—enlarges to two hundred and thirty. The bud is the Fayoum, a natural depression in the hills that shut in the Nile valley on the west, which has been rendered cultivable for many thousands of years by the introduction into it of the Nile water, through a canal known as the “Bahr Yousouf.” The long stalk of the lily is the Nile valley itself, which is a ravine scooped in the rocky soil for seven hundred miles from the First Cataract to the apex of the Delta, sometimes not more than a mile broad, never more than eight or ten miles. No other country in the world is so strangely shaped, so long compared to its width, so straggling, so hard to govern from a single centre.

    At the first glance, the country seems to divide itself into two strongly contrasted regions; and this was the original impression which it made upon its inhabitants. The natives from a very early time designated their land as “the two lands,” and represented it by a hieroglyph in which the form used to express “land” was doubled. The kings were called “chiefs of the Two Lands,” and wore two crowns, as being kings of two countries. The Hebrews caught up the idea, and though they sometimes called Egypt “Mazor” in the singular number, preferred commonly to designate it by the dual form “Mizraim,” which means “the two Mazors.” These “two Mazors,” “two Egypts,” or “two lands,” were, of course, the blossom and the stalk, the broad tract upon the Mediterranean known as “Lower Egypt,” or “the Delta,” and the long narrow valley that lies, like a green snake, to the south, which bears the name of “Upper Egypt,” or “the Said.” Nothing is more striking than the contrast between these two regions. Entering Egypt from the Mediterranean, or from Asia by the caravan route, the traveler sees stretching before him an apparently boundless plain, wholly unbroken by natural elevations, generally green with crops or with marshy plants, and canopied by a cloudless sky, which rests everywhere on a distant flat horizon. An absolute monotony surrounds him. No alternation of plain and highland, meadow and forest, no slopes of hills, or hanging woods, or dells, or gorges, or cascades, or rushing streams, or babbling rills, meet his gaze on any side; look which way he will, all is sameness, one vast smooth expanse of rich alluvial soil, varying only in being cultivated or else allowed to lie waste. Turning his back with something of weariness on the dull uniformity of this featureless plain, the wayfarer proceeds southwards, and enters, at the distance of a hundred miles from the coast, on an entirely new scene. Instead of an illimitable prospect meeting him on every side, he finds himself in a comparatively narrow vale, up and down which the eye still commands an extensive view, but where the prospect on either side is blocked at the distance of a few miles by rocky ranges of hills, white or yellow or tawny, sometimes drawing so near as to threaten an obstruction of the river course, sometimes receding so far as to leave some miles of cultivable soil on either side of the stream. The rocky ranges, as he approaches them, have a stern and forbidding aspect. They rise for the most part, abruptly in bare grandeur; on their craggy sides grows neither moss nor heather; no trees clothe their steep heights. They seem intended, like the mountains that enclosed the abode of Rasselas, to keep in the inhabitants of the vale within their narrow limits, and bar them out from any commerce or acquaintance with the regions beyond.

    Such is the twofold division of the country which impresses the observer strongly at the first. On a longer sojourn and a more intimate familiarity, the twofold division gives place to one which is threefold. The lower differs from the upper valley, it is a sort of debatable region, half plain, half vale; the cultivable surface spreads itself out more widely, the enclosing hills recede into the distance; above all, to the middle tract belongs the open space of the Fayoum nearly fifty miles across in its greatest diameter, and containing an area of four hundred square miles. Hence, with some of the occupants of Egypt a triple division has been preferred to a twofold one, the Greeks interposing the “Heptanomis” between the The bais and the Delta, and the Arabs the “Vostani” between the Said and the Bahari, or “country of the sea.”

    1. Question

    The long stalk of the Lily is compared to which part of the country in the passage?

    Ans:4
    In the first paragraph it was mentioned that “The long stalk of the lily is the Nile valley itself”, so the correct option to choose is D.

  • 2. Question

    Which of the following can most likely be the author’s profession?

    Ans:3
    An Archeologist is one who studies ancient civilizations by retrieving buried material of an earlier era. As the topic does not concern itself with either an ancient civilization or uncovering of ancient materials, we can eliminate this option.
    An Anthropologist studies human beings – both past and present. As the subject of the paragraph is the physical characteristics of Egypt, we can eliminate this option.
    In the paragraph, the author focuses not only on the peculiar shape of Egypt, but also its geographical features. As cartographers are only concerned about the map structure of a territory, they would not describe the geographical features of Egypt. Thus, the right answer is option C.

  • 3. Question

    Some of the occupants of Egypt prefer triple division to two-fold one because of which debatable region?

    Ans:3
    In the last paragraph it was mentioned that because of the difference between the lower and upper valleys, some occupants prefer to call it as triple division instead of two-fold.
    So the correct option to choose is C.

  • 4. Question

    Which of the following part is referred to as Upper Egypt?

     Ans:4
    In the second paragraph, it was mentioned that the long narrow valley is considered as the Upper Egypt. But the valley is referred as the stalk in the first paragraph. Therefore the correct option to choose is D.

  • 5. Question

    If a traveler enters Egypt through caravan route, which of the following scenes he/ she could encounter?

    Ans:1
    In the second paragraph of the given passage, the author mentions that if one enters Egypt through caravan route, he/she would encounter only plainness with green crops. The only option which agrees with author’s description is option A.

  • 6. Question

    The broad blossom part extends through a distance of?

    Ans:3
    In the first paragraph, it was mentioned that the blossom part extends from Aboosir to Tineh which is 180 miles.

  • 7. Question

    Which of the following is most opposite in meaning to the word “Crooked” as used in the passage?

    Ans:4
    The meaning of the word “Crooked” is bent or irregular in shape. Thus the opposite of the word is straight. So, the correct option to choose is D.

  • 8. Question

    Which of the following is opposite in meaning to the word “monotony” as used in the passage?

    Ans:4
    The meaning of the word “Monotony” is sameness or uniformity. The word most opposite in meaning is “Variety”.

  • 9. Question

    Which of the following is similar in meaning to the word “forbid” as used in the passage?

    Ans:1
    The meaning of the word “Forbid” is “disallow” or “prevent”. The only option which is similar in meaning is “forestall”. So, the correct option to choose is option A.

  • 10. Question

    Which of the following is similar in meaning to the word “grandeur” as used in the passage?

    Ans:3
    The meaning of the word “Grandeur” is grand or splendid etc. The only option which matches with this meaning is option C.