Set-11 Reading Comprehension For SBI PO and SBI Clerk 2019 | Must Go Through These Questions

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Directions:(1-10) Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

President Rodrigo Duterte. The man who came with a political will, a will confidently placed upon him by the people of The Philippines. He is akin to a specialist doctor who came with a treatment – precise and painful, supported by the anecdote of democracy, to heal a nation plagued by multiple disorders of ‘civil dishonesty’ mainly corruption, crime, drugs and an imbalanced social strata, fossilized due to years of misrule, plunder and dictatorship. Bread and butter issues, if not resolved, will snowball into devastating economic crisis as at the end of the day, bread and butter issues remain the main catalyst to determine the progress of a nation more so for a country like The Philippines, which frequently thrives on, and continues to rest on its fair share of critical issues – incompetent management of the nation’s resources by highly corrupt leaders, government officials and society heads.

If communism can be construed and accepted as an ideology, an ideology to uplift the socio-economy of the working class, I hereby admiringly launch a term coined especially for Mr. Duterte – ‘DUTERTENISM’, an ideology, probably seen as being devoid of compassion in the initial stages, however, in the long term, offering a safe safety net for the people of The Philippines, putting them as the most prioritized entity and being compassionate, offering hope for humanity, offering life to the people of The Philippines as a whole, would be the consequence of his non-conventional policy and policing methods. I could rightfully claim the term-‘DUTERTENISM’ as my copyright but in doing so, it would be a gross injustice inflicted onto a man, as the way I see it, who was godly sent to heal the wounds, those unhealed deadly wounds plaguing a country that has so much to offer to the rest of world. Hence, I would like to maintain the status-quo of my generosity in keeping my copyright options open in order for Mr. Duterte’s work to be recognised world-wide.

With most of the entrusted mechanisms of the country leaning towards failure, what else can be more pertinent, for a newly-elected President, who is well-tested and well-oiled to the core during his tenure as the Mayor of Davao City, an urbanised city in Mindanao, Southern Philippines, itself a city engulfed with a myriad of issues, challenging the social fabric of the city than to react, more so in reacting differently? Mr.Duterte had developed the city with his convicted stand, firmness and being totally resolute, deafening himself to the calls of certain parties (I wouldn’t call it from the international community as one swallow does not make a summer) to resort to more humane measures in dealing with the drug scourge. Mr.Duterte, with all respect, had not only dealt with the drug scourge effectively, but also became the scourge himself, sending shivers into the spines of drug addicts, drug suppliers, drug dealers and drug lords. Today, Davao City is hailed as one of the safest cities in the world and being a filial citizen from a South-east Asian country, I am proud to bask in this limelight as in most circumstances, cities or places in this part of the region are often labeled as ‘dangerous for tourists’ zones.

A drug like Paracatemol is prescribed for common fever and body aches. However, if the same drug is prescribed to treat a deadly tumour, then it is definitely high noon on the priority list to change the doctor at once because his prescription is not anywhere near in treating the root cause of the tumour but only to reduce the pain. DUTERTENISM is all about finding the root cause of the ‘tumour’, eliminate them at once without fear or favour and maintain the hygiene to prevent further cancer cells from multiplying.

This, in the ideology of DUTERTENISM, can only be achieved through placing the country on an alert mode, and this is possible only when the elected leader swings at once into an act of spring-cleaning, an act of massive housekeeping, an act of setting the records straight, an act which in the patriotic lens, speaks volume for his unshaken and undeterred commitment in getting rid the cancerous cells that had been devouring his nation all these years. These are the glaring traits of Mr. Duterte. Mr. Duterte believes that you “cannot guarantee development if your peace and order, security and safety, is not guaranteed for all citizens”. So that is a prerequisite for real development of the city, and now the country.

According to wire reports, Mr. Duterte campaigned on a simple theme: “Elect me, and I’ll do nationally what I did in Davao”. What else can be more evident that the obvious truth that the criminals, they fear him, but the law-abiding citizens, they love him and this was eventually translated into votes, electing him as the 16th President of The Philippines.

1. What is the main theme of Mr. Duterte’s campaign?

2. What is the ideology of DUTERTENISM?

3. What is the current situation of the Davao city?

4. What is the tone of the passage?

5. Which of the following statements is the author most likely to agree with?
i) People of Philippines love Mr. Duterte.
ii) Mr. Duterte is a philanthrophist.
iii) Mr. Duterte’s government is against the will of its citizens.

6. Select the most appropriate synonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
PLUNDER

7. Select the most appropriate synonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
CATALYST

8. Select the most appropriate synonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
SCOURGE

9.Select the most appropriate antonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
TUMOUR

10. Select the most appropriate antonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
MYRIAD

 

 

Check your Answers below:

 

 

  1. Directions:(1-10) Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

    President Rodrigo Duterte. The man who came with a political will, a will confidently placed upon him by the people of The Philippines. He is akin to a specialist doctor who came with a treatment – precise and painful, supported by the anecdote of democracy, to heal a nation plagued by multiple disorders of ‘civil dishonesty’ mainly corruption, crime, drugs and an imbalanced social strata, fossilized due to years of misrule, plunder and dictatorship. Bread and butter issues, if not resolved, will snowball into devastating economic crisis as at the end of the day, bread and butter issues remain the main catalyst to determine the progress of a nation more so for a country like The Philippines, which frequently thrives on, and continues to rest on its fair share of critical issues – incompetent management of the nation’s resources by highly corrupt leaders, government officials and society heads.

    If communism can be construed and accepted as an ideology, an ideology to uplift the socio-economy of the working class, I hereby admiringly launch a term coined especially for Mr. Duterte – ‘DUTERTENISM’, an ideology, probably seen as being devoid of compassion in the initial stages, however, in the long term, offering a safe safety net for the people of The Philippines, putting them as the most prioritized entity and being compassionate, offering hope for humanity, offering life to the people of The Philippines as a whole, would be the consequence of his non-conventional policy and policing methods. I could rightfully claim the term-‘DUTERTENISM’ as my copyright but in doing so, it would be a gross injustice inflicted onto a man, as the way I see it, who was godly sent to heal the wounds, those unhealed deadly wounds plaguing a country that has so much to offer to the rest of world. Hence, I would like to maintain the status-quo of my generosity in keeping my copyright options open in order for Mr. Duterte’s work to be recognised world-wide.

    With most of the entrusted mechanisms of the country leaning towards failure, what else can be more pertinent, for a newly-elected President, who is well-tested and well-oiled to the core during his tenure as the Mayor of Davao City, an urbanised city in Mindanao, Southern Philippines, itself a city engulfed with a myriad of issues, challenging the social fabric of the city than to react, more so in reacting differently? Mr.Duterte had developed the city with his convicted stand, firmness and being totally resolute, deafening himself to the calls of certain parties (I wouldn’t call it from the international community as one swallow does not make a summer) to resort to more humane measures in dealing with the drug scourge. Mr.Duterte, with all respect, had not only dealt with the drug scourge effectively, but also became the scourge himself, sending shivers into the spines of drug addicts, drug suppliers, drug dealers and drug lords. Today, Davao City is hailed as one of the safest cities in the world and being a filial citizen from a South-east Asian country, I am proud to bask in this limelight as in most circumstances, cities or places in this part of the region are often labeled as ‘dangerous for tourists’ zones.

    A drug like Paracatemol is prescribed for common fever and body aches. However, if the same drug is prescribed to treat a deadly tumour, then it is definitely high noon on the priority list to change the doctor at once because his prescription is not anywhere near in treating the root cause of the tumour but only to reduce the pain. DUTERTENISM is all about finding the root cause of the ‘tumour’, eliminate them at once without fear or favour and maintain the hygiene to prevent further cancer cells from multiplying.

    This, in the ideology of DUTERTENISM, can only be achieved through placing the country on an alert mode, and this is possible only when the elected leader swings at once into an act of spring-cleaning, an act of massive housekeeping, an act of setting the records straight, an act which in the patriotic lens, speaks volume for his unshaken and undeterred commitment in getting rid the cancerous cells that had been devouring his nation all these years. These are the glaring traits of Mr. Duterte. Mr. Duterte believes that you “cannot guarantee development if your peace and order, security and safety, is not guaranteed for all citizens”. So that is a prerequisite for real development of the city, and now the country.

    According to wire reports, Mr. Duterte campaigned on a simple theme: “Elect me, and I’ll do nationally what I did in Davao”. What else can be more evident that the obvious truth that the criminals, they fear him, but the law-abiding citizens, they love him and this was eventually translated into votes, electing him as the 16th President of The Philippines.

    1. Question

    What is the main theme of Mr. Duterte’s campaign?

    Ans:5
    In the last paragraph, the author clearly mentions the main theme of Mr. Duterte’s campaign as “Elect me, and I’ll do nationally what I did in Davao”. Hence, only option E can be inferred from the above statement.
  2. 2. Question

    What is the ideology of DUTERTENISM?

    Ans:2
    In the second paragraph, the author states that DUTERTENISM is “an ideology, probably seen as being devoid of compassion in the initial stages, however, in the long term, offering a safe safety net for the people of The Philippines”.
    Hence, options A,C,D are not mentioned anywhere in the passage.
    Among the given options only option B has the essence of the ideology of “DUTERTENISM”
  3. 3. Question

    What is the current situation of the Davao city?

    Ans:2
    In the third paragraph the author states that “Today, Davao City is hailed as one of the safest cities in the world …”.
    There is no mention of the term “business hub” in the entire passage.
    Hence, option B is the correct answer.
  4. 4. Question

    What is the tone of the passage?

    Ans:5
    Here, in the entire passage the author is praising the achievements of Mr. Duterte as the mayor of Davao city and as the president of Philippines .
    There was no instance of criticism or of satire.
    Hence, “Laudatory” is the tone of the passage.
  5. 5. Question

    Which of the following statements is the author most likely to agree with?
    i) People of Philippines love Mr. Duterte.
    ii) Mr. Duterte is a philanthrophist.
    iii) Mr. Duterte’s government is against the will of its citizens.

    Ans:2
    The author in the last paragraph states “they love him and this was eventually translated into votes, electing him as the 16th President of The Philippines”. Hence, author agrees with statement 1. Mr. Duterte is not mentioned as a philanthropist in the passage. It is given that Mr. Duterte’s government places its citizens as the first priority. Hence, statements 2 and 3 will not be correct according to the author.
  6. 6. Question

    Select the most appropriate synonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
    PLUNDER

    Ans:2
    Here, in the given context, “Plunder” means to rob people. Hence, loot is the correct synonym.
  7. 7. Question

    Select the most appropriate synonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
    CATALYST

    Ans:4
    Here, the word “catalyst” means something that stimulates progress or change. Hence Option D is the synonym.
  8. 8. Question

    Select the most appropriate synonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
    SCOURGE

    Ans:5
    Here, the word “Scourge” means a burden or misfortune.
    Hence, the word “bane” is the correct synonym.
  9. 9. Question

    Select the most appropriate antonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
    TUMOUR

    Ans:3
    From the context of the passage we can infer that the word “tumour” is similar to options a,b.
    Salutary means health giving or healthy.
    Hence, option C is an antonym of the given word.
  10. 10. Question

    Select the most appropriate antonym for the word given in bold from the given options.
    MYRIAD

    Ans:2
    The word “Myriad” means countless or too many. Among the given options only option b is the opposite of “Myriad”.