Set-13 Reading Comprehension For SBI PO and SBI Clerk 2019 | Must Go Through These Questions

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We are providing the most important Reading Comprehension for SBI PO 2019, SBI Clerk 2019 and all other competitive bank and insurance exams. These questions have very high chances to be asked in SBI PO 2019, SBI Clerk 2019.
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Directions:(1-10) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

What else can be more resembling, embarrassing and ironic than the use of animals as characters entangled by the worst enemies of human emotions- stupidity, jealousy, ego centrism, being intriguing, and all other despicable acts that are contrary to animals. In this story, the ‘animal kingdom; is equated to an office, or a workplace and the animals that man this place are the employees.

Once there was a lion who headed a small department in the animal kingdom. He reported directly to the CEO. The CEO was an elephant (the largest animal on land). The management had total confidence and trust on the lion-a solitary animal that has a high pedigree of sharpness and famed for being very meticulous. The lion, thanking the management for their trust on him, worked inter-dependently and diligently, carrying out the organization’s vision, mission, policies and expectations.

The lion was a tireless worker who knew his job over the finger tips. His decision-making skills, excellent rapport with his colleagues, management style, simplicity, practical solutions and client-oriented preferences and priorities were the envy of many. His writing skills were exceptional that the CEO will initiate, execute actions for damage control, if any, at the first reading.

The lion thrived on nothing but integrity, loyalty, hard work and ownership. The management was more than satisfied with the lion’s competency, hence decided to offer him a raise. With that, the lion was on cloud nine. The recognition and the positive appraisal spurred him to work even harder.

Meanwhile, there were some who envied the achievement of the lion and decided to seek an audience with the CEO. They demanded that the lion be placed under scrutiny, meaning to have a superior above him to report the successes to the CEO instead. The CEO, being oblivious to the ‘depth’ of the request, assigned a fox, yes, the same old cunning animal that we all knew from our childhood folklore reading.

The lion, still unperturbed by the presence of the sly fox, carried on his duties in the same manner as prior to the appointment of his new Head. As time went by, the fox began to micromanage the lion’s work. Micromanagement, in stinking office politics, is a subtle name for interference. The fox began to over-shadow the lion in most decision-making areas and other department matters. The fox even carried tales to the CEO, maliciously character assassinating the lion.

The plot orchestrated by the fox became habitual, hence the beginning of a hellish- nightmare for the lion. The lion had lost all its ‘natural instincts’-being focused, target-oriented, problem solver, a go-getter and other strengths as his focus radar was now turned towards on ‘how to manage the fox’ rather than his department. The lion has lost all interest. His family life was also affected as he now brings office tales; ‘The Tales of Lost Tooth’ back home. The lion had lost all sense of direction. He was at his wits’ end.

The management took note of the sudden decline and re-deployed the lion to an area very unfamiliar to him. The root cause for this decline was neither found-out by the management nor were they interested in doing so. The fox took over the helm. That closed the chapter of the lion. Soon after, the lion left the organization.

‘The Lion is King only when it lives in the Jungle’. If this deserved privilege is ripped off from him, he is just a cat, like any other cat.
The above story is a dilemma faced by many talented employees in most employment. How many of us had faced a top-brass like the elephant? How many foxes do we know roaming within our office fraternity? How many of us have become a victim just like the lion?
Life is an analysis of events and purpose around us. Obviously, moving on is an option but characters like the fox is abound, aplenty everywhere. They are like shadows, stalking us all the time. Some might want to seek God’s favour but assertively speaking, God must be loving these fox like characters very much because there are just too many of them. Whom are we to blame? What is the solution? Is there one, in the first place? The solution lies in the hands of all those who work like the lion.

My since apologies to all the animals in the real animal kingdom for equating you with humans. Never, not even in the near future, will we, humans be able to emulate your purposeful life of not only preserving your sustainability but also all those surrounding you.

1. What is the author’s main purpose behind writing this passage?

2. Why did the lion’s performance get poorer?
I: Due to the micromanagement done by the fox.
II: Due to the Lion’s inability to adapt to the new structure.
III: He focussed more on fox than on his work.
IV: His family being affected by the office tales.

3. Which of the following best describes the character of the fox according to the story?

4. What does the author means when he says ‘seek an audience’ in the fifth para?

5. Why did the author use animals to make his point?

6. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word ‘despicable’ as used in the passage?

7. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word ‘unperturbed’ as used in the passage?

8. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word ‘emulate’ as used in the passage?

9. Which of the following is the opposite in meaning to the word ‘meticulous’ as used in the passage?

10. Which of the following is the opposite in meaning to the word ‘oblivious’ as used in the passage?

 

 

Check your Answers below:

 

 

  1. Directions:(1-10) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

    What else can be more resembling, embarrassing and ironic than the use of animals as characters entangled by the worst enemies of human emotions- stupidity, jealousy, ego centrism, being intriguing, and all other despicable acts that are contrary to animals. In this story, the ‘animal kingdom; is equated to an office, or a workplace and the animals that man this place are the employees.

    Once there was a lion who headed a small department in the animal kingdom. He reported directly to the CEO. The CEO was an elephant (the largest animal on land). The management had total confidence and trust on the lion-a solitary animal that has a high pedigree of sharpness and famed for being very meticulous. The lion, thanking the management for their trust on him, worked inter-dependently and diligently, carrying out the organization’s vision, mission, policies and expectations.

    The lion was a tireless worker who knew his job over the finger tips. His decision-making skills, excellent rapport with his colleagues, management style, simplicity, practical solutions and client-oriented preferences and priorities were the envy of many. His writing skills were exceptional that the CEO will initiate, execute actions for damage control, if any, at the first reading.

    The lion thrived on nothing but integrity, loyalty, hard work and ownership. The management was more than satisfied with the lion’s competency, hence decided to offer him a raise. With that, the lion was on cloud nine. The recognition and the positive appraisal spurred him to work even harder.

    Meanwhile, there were some who envied the achievement of the lion and decided to seek an audience with the CEO. They demanded that the lion be placed under scrutiny, meaning to have a superior above him to report the successes to the CEO instead. The CEO, being oblivious to the ‘depth’ of the request, assigned a fox, yes, the same old cunning animal that we all knew from our childhood folklore reading.

    The lion, still unperturbed by the presence of the sly fox, carried on his duties in the same manner as prior to the appointment of his new Head. As time went by, the fox began to micromanage the lion’s work. Micromanagement, in stinking office politics, is a subtle name for interference. The fox began to over-shadow the lion in most decision-making areas and other department matters. The fox even carried tales to the CEO, maliciously character assassinating the lion.

    The plot orchestrated by the fox became habitual, hence the beginning of a hellish- nightmare for the lion. The lion had lost all its ‘natural instincts’-being focused, target-oriented, problem solver, a go-getter and other strengths as his focus radar was now turned towards on ‘how to manage the fox’ rather than his department. The lion has lost all interest. His family life was also affected as he now brings office tales; ‘The Tales of Lost Tooth’ back home. The lion had lost all sense of direction. He was at his wits’ end.

    The management took note of the sudden decline and re-deployed the lion to an area very unfamiliar to him. The root cause for this decline was neither found-out by the management nor were they interested in doing so. The fox took over the helm. That closed the chapter of the lion. Soon after, the lion left the organization.

    ‘The Lion is King only when it lives in the Jungle’. If this deserved privilege is ripped off from him, he is just a cat, like any other cat.
    The above story is a dilemma faced by many talented employees in most employment. How many of us had faced a top-brass like the elephant? How many foxes do we know roaming within our office fraternity? How many of us have become a victim just like the lion?
    Life is an analysis of events and purpose around us. Obviously, moving on is an option but characters like the fox is abound, aplenty everywhere. They are like shadows, stalking us all the time. Some might want to seek God’s favour but assertively speaking, God must be loving these fox like characters very much because there are just too many of them. Whom are we to blame? What is the solution? Is there one, in the first place? The solution lies in the hands of all those who work like the lion.

    My since apologies to all the animals in the real animal kingdom for equating you with humans. Never, not even in the near future, will we, humans be able to emulate your purposeful life of not only preserving your sustainability but also all those surrounding you.

    1. Question

    What is the author’s main purpose behind writing this passage?

    Ans:4
    A is incorrect. Instead the author regards animals to better than humans in the context of morality.
    B is also incorrect. He doesn’t warns his readers to be aware of fox like characters. Rather he is illustrating the plight of ‘lion’ like employees.
    Option C is very vague and is open to many interpretations.
    E is also incorrect as the author never states that there is no place for hard working employees in corporations.
    Through the story, the author illustrates how presence of a fox, which is a euphemism for dirty office politics, affects the performance of a talented and successful employee as the lion. He tries to explain the dilemma faced by many ‘lion’ like employees.
    This is best captured by option D.

  2. 2. Question

    Why did the lion’s performance get poorer?
    I: Due to the micromanagement done by the fox.
    II: Due to the Lion’s inability to adapt to the new structure.
    III: He focussed more on fox than on his work.
    IV: His family being affected by the office tales.

    Ans:3
    Before answering the question, we should note that the author never criticizes Lion throughout the passage. Lion is living embodiment of honesty, loyalty, and hard work. The change in his performance comes due to the negative environment around him.
    In the sixth para, the author says that the micromanagement done by fox resulted in the lion being focussed more on managing fox rather than managing his tasks. This resulted in the lion losing all his ‘natural instincts’-being focused, target-oriented, problem solver, a go-getter and other strengths. This resulted in his poor performance.
    The author never mentions that the Lion was inefficient in adapting to the new structure.
    Also, it cannot be inferred from the passage that the lion’s family being affected resulted in his poor performance. Thus, I and III are correct.
    So, C is the correct answer.

  3. 3. Question

    Which of the following best describes the character of the fox according to the story?

    Ans:2
    A and E can both be eliminated straightforwardly as it was none of the fox’s work responsibilities to take the lion down.
    C is also incorrect as it is not mentioned in the passage that the fox pretended to be the Lion’s friend.
    D is also correct as it was not in the organization’s better good to lose a hard-working and loyal employee.
    B correctly summarizes the fox’s character as mentioned in the passage.

  4. 4. Question

    What does the author means when he says ‘seek an audience’ in the fifth para?

    Ans: 1
    If you have an audience with someone important it means that you have a formal meeting with them. Among the option only A expresses this meaning.
    Thus, A is the correct answer to choose.

  5. 5. Question

    Why did the author use animals to make his point?

    Ans: 5
    The passage starts with “What else can be more resembling, embarrassing and ironic than the use of animals as characters entangled by the worst enemies of human emotions- stupidity, jealousy, ego centrism, being intriguing, and all other despicable acts that are contrary to animals”
    And ends with “My since apologies to all the animals in the real animal kingdom for equating you with humans. Never, not even in the near future, will we, humans be able to emulate your purposeful life of not only preserving your sustainability but also all those surrounding you.”
    So, it is clear that the author thinks that now the life of animals is more purposeful than humans. Throughout the passage, the author tries to convey that our corporate culture is inefficient and consists of dirty politics where good employees such as lion are shunted out of the system.
    Thus, by using animals as an example, the author is trying to insult and embarrass the whole corporate culture to make them realize the inefficiencies present in the system.
    This is mentioned in none of the options. Thus, E is the correct answer.

  6. 6. Question

    Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word ‘despicable’ as used in the passage?

    Ans:4
    ‘Despicable’ means morally reprehensible or deserving hatred and contempt.
    Among the options only ‘contemptible’ is a negative word which means the same as ‘despicable’.
    Thus, D is the correct answer.

  7. 7. Question

    Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word ‘unperturbed’ as used in the passage?

    Ans:2
    ‘Unperturbed’ means someone who is free from emotional agitation or nervous tension.
    Among the options, ‘riled’ and ‘anxious’ means exactly opposite to it.
    The only word that expresses a similar meaning is ‘composed’.
    Thus, B is the correct answer.

  8. 8. Question

    Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the word ‘emulate’ as used in the passage?

    Ans:1
    ‘Emulate’ means match or surpass, typically by imitation.
    We can see that among the options, only A ‘imitate’ expresses a meaning similar to it.
    Thus, A is the correct answer.

  9. 9. Question

    Which of the following is the opposite in meaning to the word ‘meticulous’ as used in the passage?

    Ans:3
    ‘Meticulous’ means showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise.
    Among the options, only ‘careless’ expresses a meaning which is opposite to it.
    Thus, C is the correct answer.

  10. 10. Question

    Which of the following is the opposite in meaning to the word ‘oblivious’ as used in the passage?

    Ans:5
    ‘Oblivious’ means lacking conscious or awareness.
    Among the options only attentive means opposite to it.
    Thus, E is the correct answer.