Set-18 Phrase Replacement For SBI PO and SBI Clerk 2019 | Must Go Through These Questions

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Direction(1-5):Which of the following phrases (I), (II), and (III) given below each sentence CANNOT replace the phrase printed in bold letters without altering the meaning of the sentence both grammatically and contextually? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the incorrect use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If all three phrases are incorrect, choose (E) as the answer.

1. Thanks for getting me lunch when I forgot my wallet at home! I will pay you back tomorrow.
(I)I will return your money tomorrow
(II)I will payback tomorrow
(III)I have to pay you tomorrow

2. India has slipped to 42nd place on an annual Global Democracy Index amid “rise of conservative religious ideologies” and increase in vigilantism and violence against minorities as well as other dissenting voices.

(I)after slipping to 42nd place in the
(II)who slipped to 42nd place on the
(III)has descended to 42nd place on an

3. Given the continuing decline in the investment rate in India, there are hopes that the Budget would reignite the animal spirits required to revive the investment momentum.
(I)Considering the continuing decline
(II)As there is continuing decline
(III)Keeping in mind the continuing decline

4. Gandhi’s Constructive Programme was not a passing thought , but the outcome of a well-planned and thoughtful agenda.
(I)rather the result of a well-planned
(II)on the contrary, the effect of a well-planned
(III)however, the success of a well-planned

5. Resolution of stressed assets of the power sector is another area crucial for the overall investment situation in the economy.
(I)has been one of the areas to
(II)could be one area important in
(III)is a critical area to

Direction(6-10):Which of the following phrases (I), (II), and (III) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (e) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

6. Accepting our emotions fully and release them in a controlled manner may be healthy in the long run.
(I)releasing them in a controlled manner
(II)to release it in a control manner
(III)releasing them in a controlling manner

7. The present pattern of development and the rapid growth of the private sector had yielded higher profit to the investors, but not better health to individuals.

(I)might yield high profit to the investors
(II)may yield higher profit to the investors
(III)can yield higher profit to the investors

8. Why the nation could be bothered and burdened with this highly disappointing functional incapacity in the highest temple of justice?
(I)What must be bothering the nation
(II)Why should the nation be bothered
(III)How could the nation bother

9. The amending process of the Constitution will be keenly watched by the comity of nations as China graduates to replace America in the geopolitical hierarchy.
(I)at the committee of nations
(II)among the nations from different committees
(III)on among the comity of nation

10. Global capital travels to most developing states to exploit loose rules and often funds sweatshops encourage local misrule.
(I)encouraging local misrule
(II)which encourage local misrule
(III)that encourages local misrule

 

Check your Answers below:

 

 

Direction(1-5):Which of the following phrases (I), (II), and (III) given below each sentence CANNOT replace the phrase printed in bold letters without altering the meaning of the sentence both grammatically and contextually? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the incorrect use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If all three phrases are incorrect, choose (E) as the answer.

1. Question
Thanks for getting me lunch when I forgot my wallet at home! I will pay you back tomorrow.
(I)I will return your money tomorrow
(II)I will payback tomorrow
(III)I have to pay you tomorrow
Ans: 4
Only the first expression is correct enough to replace the existing phrase without altering the meaning of the sentence. The phrasal verb “ pay back ” means to return money to someone from whom you have borrowed it . Thus, the expression “ I will return your money tomorrow ” almost gives the meaning of the given phrase. However, the second and the third expressions are not correct as they alter the intended meaning of the sentence. In the second expression, the phrase “ payback” means revenge which isn’t the case in the sentence. In the third one, the use of the expression “ have to return ” gives a sense of compulsion which isn’t the true case. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

2. Question
India has slipped to 42nd place on an annual Global Democracy Index amid “rise of conservative religious ideologies” and increase in vigilantism and violence against minorities as well as other dissenting voices.
(I)after slipping to 42nd place in the
(II)who slipped to 42nd place on the
(III)has descended to 42nd place on an
Ans: 3
Only the third expression “ has descended to 42nd place on an ” is correct enough to replace the existing phrase without altering the meaning of the sentence. It is to be noted that the expression is exactly as same as given in the sentence. The word “ descended ” means to go or come down which is similar in meaning to “ slipped ”. However, the other two expressions are incorrect as the use of determiners after the subject makes the sentence incomplete and contextually wrong. Both the expressions would alter the intended meaning of the sentence. Hence option (c) is the correct choice. 

3. Question

Given the continuing decline in the investment rate in India, there are hopes that the Budget would reignite the animal spirits required to revive the investment momentum.
(I)Considering the continuing decline
(II)As there is continuing decline
(III)Keeping in mind the continuing decline

Ans: 2
Both the expressions (I) and (III) are correct and can be used as replacements to the existing one without altering the meaning of the sentence. It is to be noted that the word “ Given ” used in the sentence denotes a preposition which means “ taking into account ”. Thus, both the expressions “ Considering ” and “ Keeping in mind ” mean the same. However, the second expression is incorrect as it would alter the meaning of the sentence. The word “ As ” refers to because; since, which is not the case in the given statement. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

4. Question

Gandhi’s Constructive Programme was not a passing thought , but the outcome of a well-planned and thoughtful agenda.
(I)rather the result of a well-planned
(II)on the contrary, the effect of a well-planned
(III)however, the success of a well-planned

Ans: 4
All the three expressions are correct enough to replace the existing phrase from the sentence without altering its intended meaning. It is to be noted that all these expressions give the similar meaning to the phrase as mentioned in bold in the sentence. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

5. Question

Resolution of stressed assets of the power sector is another area crucial for the overall investment situation in the economy.
(I)has been one of the areas to
(II)could be one area important in
(III)is a critical area to

  Ans: 5
All the three expressions are incorrect and cannot be used as the replacement to the given phrase. In all the three cases, there is an error of preposition. The correct preposition that fits into the syntax is “ for ” [ not “to” or “in”]. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.

Direction(6-10):Which of the following phrases (I), (II), and (III) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (e) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

 

6. Question

Accepting our emotions fully and release them in a controlled manner may be healthy in the long run.
(I)releasing them in a controlled manner
(II)to release it in a control manner
(III)releasing them in a controlling manner

Ans: 1
releasing them in a controlled manner ” is the correct phrase that should replace “ release them in a controlled mannerto make the sentence grammatically correct. It is to be noted that the subject “ Accepting our emotions …” is connecting with the other one with the help of the conjunction “ and ”; thus, as the rule implies, both the expression must be in the same form i.e. “ release ” should be replaced by “ releasing ”. Moreover, the word “ controlled ” signifies an adjective in this case. Hence among the given options, (a) is the correct choice.

7. Question

The present pattern of development and the rapid growth of the private sector had yielded higher profit to the investors, but not better health to individuals.
(I)might yield high profit to the investors
(II)may yield higher profit to the investors
(III)can yield higher profit to the investors

Ans: 3
Both the expressions “ may yield higher profit to the investors ” and “ can yield higher profit to the investors ” are the correct usage in the context of adding meaning to the sentence. It is to be noted that the subject “ The present pattern …” suggests that the sentence is referring towards some present events; thus, the use of the verb “ had yielded ” is incorrectly matched with the subject-verb agreement. The correct verb in this case should be “ may yield ” or “ can yield ” as the pattern and meaning of the sentence expresses the possibility of yielding higher profit to the investors. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.

8. Question

Why the nation could be bothered and burdened with this highly disappointing functional incapacity in the highest temple of justice?
(I)What must be bothering the nation
(II)Why should the nation be bothered
(III)How could the nation bother

Ans: 2
The expression “ Why the nation could be bothered ” is grammatically incorrect as it is to be noted that the sentence is in Interrogative form ; thus, it should follow the correct syntax to form a meaningful sentence. Among the given options, only the phrase “ Why should the nation be bothered ” gives a grammatically feasible meaning to the sentence. The other two expressions are incorrect owing to their unsuitability to the correct grammar syntax of the given sentence. Hence option (b) is the correct choice to make the sentence grammatically correct.

9. Question
The amending process of the Constitution will be keenly watched by the comity of nations as China graduates to replace America in the geopolitical hierarchy.(I)at the committee of nations
(II)among the nations from different committees
(III)on among the comity of nation

Ans: 5
The given expression “ by the comity of nations ” is grammatically correct and does not require any replacement. The phrase “ comity of nations ” implies an association of nations for their mutual benefit , which can be related with the meaning of the sentence. Hence option (e) is the correct choice.

10. Question

Global capital travels to most developing states to exploit loose rules and often funds sweatshops encourage local misrule.
(I)encouraging local misrule
(II)which encourage local misrule
(III)that encourages local misrule

Ans: 2
The correct phrase should be “ which encourage local misrule ” to make the sentence grammatically viable. It is to be noted that the sentence requires a determiner or pronoun at the end to give a meaningful sense to it. Other options do not follow the correct grammar syntax. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

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