Set-23 Cloze Test For SBI PO and SBI Clerk 2019 | Must Go Through These Questions

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We are providing the most important Cloze Test Questions for SBI PO 2019, SBI Clerk 2019 and all other competitive bank and insurance exams. These questions have very high chances to be asked in SBI PO 2019, SBI Clerk 2019.
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Directions:(1-10) In this you will get a blank below. You have to choose which of the following word in the blank is a misfit (i.e. does not fit in the blank with its meaning). Mark that as your answer.

1.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

2.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

3.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

4.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

5.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

6.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

7.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

8.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

9.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

10.
Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

 

 

Check your Answers below:

 

 

 

Directions:(1-10) In this you will get a blank below. You have to choose which of the following word in the blank is a misfit (i.e. does not fit in the blank with its meaning). Mark that as your answer.

1. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 5
None of these. Vexing means irritating. All the other words are synonymous.
2. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 2
Here abysmal means bad condition. Incalculable though synonymous, used in case of deepness.
3. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 2
Carnage means mass killing. Domicile is a perfect misfit.
4. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 3
erstwhile/former here conveys meaning in the past.
5. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 2
Dynamic market condition is the correct use. Rest are synonymous.
6. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 5
7. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 1
Bleak picture is the perfect fit here.
8. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 5
9. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans: 4
Mettle/ nerve / spunk all conveys same meaning.
10. Question

Fixed income mutual fund investors have been a harried lot of late. The last one year has been a truly ……………………….(1)  time. Liquid and short-term funds produced …………………….(2) returns, barely outpacing inflation. The …………………. (3) in the bond markets with yields shooting up by about 100 basis points resulted in returns in the range of 1-2 per cent for most of the long duration funds. Even that tiny gain was taxable. At the same time, the equity investor even in basic index funds earned about 28 per cent tax-free  returns thanks to the …………………… (4) zero long-term capital gain regime and, of course, the overall market performance. Talk about neighbour’s envy!  Enter the class of debt mutual funds — the dynamic bond schemes — which aim to provide “optimal” returns in market scenarios of both rising and falling interest rates, by “active” management of the portfolio. Such funds have sizable assets under management with each AMC having a portfolio of several thousand crores in this category. The last one year served as an acid test for such ……………………. (5)  bond funds which go by various other names too like strategic, flexible income funds, etc. Benchmark 10-year bond yields, which went all the way down to 6.2 per cent post demonetisation, reversed course in the face of rising oil prices, …………………….. (6)  of slippage in fiscal deficit and expected oversupply in bond markets owing to the announcement of the issuance of Rs 1.35 lakh crore bank recapitalisation bonds. Yields went through the roof and touched 7.5 per cent. So, how did dynamic bond funds fare in this scenario?  An analysis of the returns of dynamic bond funds of some of the larger fund houses reveals a …………………… (7)  picture. Returns have largely mirrored that of long duration funds, with yields in the range of 1-2 per cent, though a few funds have done better. But not a single dynamic bond fund’s return came anywhere near the liquid fund yield of about 6.5 per cent from its own fund house. The ……………………….(8) market conditions of the last one year should have provided the fund manager an ideal environment to prove his/ her …………………… (9)  by “actively” managing the portfolio as declared in the scheme objectives, to provide reasonable returns to the investor. Not having lived up to investor expectations, fund managers need to introspect about the ……………………….. (10)  of trying to time the markets. The “fund manager speak” in the scheme information documents apart, the dynamic bond fund manager in effect  takes a call on the movement in market interest rates. These are closely linked to the rate of inflation. Oil prices have an outsized role on the inflation trajectory in a country like India which imports most of its needs. Perhaps a short-term stint at the oil trading desks in London, New York or Singapore of the leading players in this commodity would help fund managers forecast oil prices, hence inflation and interest rates! That’s only one part of the inflation story. Monsoon and weather conditions influence inflation in food prices. There are many other factors affecting inflation rates. In the face of such imponderables in predicting interest rate movements and the collapse in the portfolio returns in the recent past, fund houses need to introspect on the objectives of the dynamic bond schemes, the portfolio strategy, and if it makes sense, to continue this offering to their investors.

Ans:  2
Futility means which is no longer useful. Hence that is a perfect match here.

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