Statement and Arguments

Directions :(1-10) Each of the following question consists of a statement followed by two arguments I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a STRONG arguments and which is a WEAK Argument.

1.Statement : Should there be compulsory medical examination of both the man and the woman before they marry each other?
Arguments :
I. No. This is an intrusion to the privacy of an individual and hence cannot be tolerated.
II. Yes. This will substantially reduce the risk of giving birth to children with serious ailments.

Option “B” is correct.
Clearly, such a step would help to prevent the growth of diseases like AIDS. So, only argument II is strong.

2. Statement : Should there be a ban on product advertising?
Arguments :
I. No. It is an age of advertising. Unless your advertisement is better than your other competitors, the product will not be sold.
II. Yes. The money spent on advertising is very huge and it inflates the cost of the product.

Option “E” is correct.
Clearly, it is the advertisement which makes the customer aware of the qualities of the product and leads him to buy it. So, argument I is valid. But at the same time, advertising nowadays has become a costly affair and the expenses on it add to the price of the product. So, argument II also holds strong.

3. Statement : Should luxury hotels be banned in India?
Arguments :
I. Yes. They are places from where international criminals operate.
II. No. Affluent foreign tourists will have no place to stay.

Option “B” is correct.
Clearly, the luxury hotels are a mark of country’s standard and a place for staying for the affluent foreign tourists. So, argument II holds. Argument I is not a strong reason because ban on hotels is not a way to do away with the activities of international criminals.

4. Statement : Should shifting agriculture be practised?
Arguments :
I. No. It is a wasteful practice.
II. Yes. Modern methods of farming are too expensive.

Option “B” is correct.
Clearly, shifting agriculture is a practice in which a certain crop is grown on a land and when it becomes infertile it is left bare and another piece of land is chosen. Clearly, it is a wasteful practice. So, only argument I holds.

5.Statement : Should our country extend generous behaviour and goodwill to our erring and nagging neighbours?
Arguments :
I. Yes. Goodwill always pays dividend.
II. No. Our generous behaviour and goodwill will be considered as our weakness.

Option “E” is correct.
Clearly, a good behaviour may at some point of time lead to mutual discussions and peaceful settlement of issues in the long run. So, argument I holds strong. However, such behaviour may be mistaken for our weakness and it would be difficult to continue with it if the other country doesn’t stop its sinister activities. Hence, II also holds.

6. Statement : Is pen mightier than a sword?
Arguments :
I. Yes. Writers influence the thinking of the people.
II. No. With the help of physical force one can conquer all.

Option “A” is correct.
Physical force can accomplish a task by compulsion, while the influential writings can mould the thinking of an individual and change his discretion into accomplishing the task wilfully. So, only argument I holds strong.

7.Statement : Should the sex determination test during pregnancy be completely banned?
Arguments :
I. Yes. This leads to indiscriminate female foeticide and eventually will lead to social imbalance.
II. No. People have a right to know about their unborn child.

Option “A” is correct.
Parents indulging in sex determination of their unborn child generally do so as they want to only a boy child and do away with a girl child. So, argument I holds. Also, people have a right to know only about the health, development and general well-being of the child before its birth, and not the sex. So, argument II does not hold strong.

8. Statement : Should persons convicted of criminal offences in the past be allowed to contest elections in India?
Arguments :
I. No. Such persons cannot serve the cause of the people and country.
II. Yes. It is democracy – let people decide whom to vote.

Option “A” is correct.
Clearly, persons with criminal background cannot stand to serve as the representatives of the common people. So, they should not be allowed to contest elections. Thus, only argument I holds, while II does not.

9. Statement : Should officers accepting bribe be punished?
Arguments :
I. No. Certain circumstances may have compelled them to take bribe.
II. Yes. They should do the job they are entrusted with, honestly.

Option “B” is correct.
Clearly, officers are paid duly for the jobs they do. So, they must do it honestly. Thus, argument II alone holds.

10. Statement : Should there be a complete ban on use of all types of chemical pesticides in India?
Arguments :
I. No. The pests will destroy all the crops and the farmers will have nothing to harvest.
II. Yes. The chemical pesticides used in agriculture pollute the water underground and this has become a serious health hazard.

Option “E” is correct.
Clearly, pesticides are meant to prevent the crops from harmful pests. But at the same time, they get washed away with water and contaminate the groundwater. Thus, both the arguments hold strong.