Statement and Assumption

Directions (1-10): In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :


1. Statement : “You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation.” – A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions :

I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

Option”E” is correct

The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual’s worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

2. Statement : It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.

Assumptions:
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

Option”A” is correct

Since the statement talks of putting the child in school at the age of 5, it means that the child is mentally prepared for the same at this age. So, I is implicit. But nothing about admission after 6 years of age is mentioned in the statement. So, II is not implicit.

3. Statement : “In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees.” – In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager.

Assumptions :
I. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality.
II. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.

Option”B” is correct

Assumption I goes against the statement. So, it is not implicit. The allowance will serve as a reward to the employees and shall provoke them to come on time. So, II is implicit.

4. Statement : Unemployment allowance should be given to all unemployed Indian youth above 18 years of age.

Assumptions :
I. There are unemployed youth in India who needs monetary support.
II. The government has sufficient funds to provide allowance to all unemployed youth.

Option”A” is correct

I directly follows from the statement and so is implicit. Also, the statement is a suggestion and does not tell about a government policy or its position of funds. So, II is not implicit.

5. Statement : “If you trouble me, I will slap you.” – A mother warns her child.

Assumptions :
I. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
II. All children are basically naughty.

Option”A” is correct

The mother warns her child with the expectation that he would stop troubling her. So, I is implicit. The general nature of children cannot be derived from the statement. So, II is not implicit.

6. Statement : The Government has decided to levy 2 percent on the tax amount payable for funding drought relief programmes.

Assumptions :
I. The Government does not have sufficient money to fund drought relief programmes.
II. The amount collected by way of surcharge may be adequate to fund these drought relief programmes.

Option”E” is correct

Since a surcharge has been levied to fund drought relief programmes, it follows that the Government does not have sufficient money for the same. So, I is implicit. Besides, the percentage of surcharge must have been decided after studying the expected inflow in relation to amount of funds required. So, II is also implicit.

7. Statement : Detergents should be used to clean clothes.

Assumptions :
I. Detergents form more lather.
II. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.

Option”B” is correct

Nothing is mentioned about lather formation by the detergent. So, I is not implicit. Also, detergents should be used as they clean clothes better and more easily. So, II is implicit.

8. Statement : It will be a substantial achievement in the field of education if one provides one school for every village in our country and enforce attendance.

Assumptions :
I. Children in villages do not attend school regularly.
II. Providing school to every village is desirable.

Option”E” is correct

The statement lays stress on enforcing attendance. This implies that children in villages do not attend school regularly. So, I is implicit. Besides, the statement calls ‘one school for every village’ a ‘substantial achievement’. So, II is also implicit.

9.Statement : The government has decided to disinvest large chunk of its equity in select public sector undertakings for a better fiscal management.

Assumptions :
I. The amount generated out of the disinvestment process may reduce substantially the mounting fiscal deficits.
II. There will be enough demand in the market for the shares of these undertakings.

Option”A” is correct

The fact given in I directly follows from the phrase ‘….. for a better fiscal management’ in the statement. So, I is implicit. However, the public response to the new policy cannot be ascertained. So, II is not implicit.

10. Statement : Never before such a lucid book was available on the topic.

Assumptions :
I. Some other books were available on this topic.
II. You can write lucid books on very few topics.

Option”A” is correct

It follows from the statement that books on this topic were available before also but they were not ‘lucid’. So, I is implicit. But a general comment as II cannot be made from the given statement. So, II is not implicit.