Statement And Conclusion

Directions(1-10)  In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

1. Statements : In Japan, the incidence of stomach cancer is very high, while that of bowel cancer is very low. But Japanese immigrate to Hawaii, this is reversed – the rate of bowel cancer increases but the rate of stomach cancer is reduced in the next generation. All this is related to nutrition – the diets of Japanese in Hawaii are different than those in Japan.

Conclusions :
I. The same diet as in Hawaii should be propagated in Japan also.
II. Bowel cancer is less severe than stomach cancer.

Option “D” is correct.
The statement neither propagates the diet of any of the countries nor compares the two types of cancer. So, neither I nor II follows.

2. Statements : The Government run company had asked its employees to declare their income and assets but it has been strongly resisted by employees union and no employee is going to declare his income.

Conclusions :
I. The employees of this company do not seem to have any additional undisclosed income besides their salary.
II. The employees union wants all senior officers to declare their income first.

Option “D” is correct.
Nothing about the details of the employees’ income or the cause of their refusal to declare their income and assets, can be deduced from the given statement. So, neither I nor II follows.

3. Statements : Monitoring has become an integral part in the planning of social development programmes. It is recommended that Management Information System be developed for all programmes. This is likely to give a feedback on the performance of the functionaries and the efficacy with which services are being delivered.

Conclusions :
I. All the social development programmes should be evaluated.
II. There is a need to monitor the performance of workers.

Option “E” is correct.
According to the statement, monitoring and evaluation of social development programmes – their function, performance and efficiency – is absolutely essential. So, both I and II follow.

4. Statements : The T.V. programmes, telecast specially for women are packed with a variety of recipes and household hints. A major portion of magazines for women also contains the items mentioned above.
Conclusions :
I. Women are not interested in other things.
II. An average woman’s primary interest lies in home and specially in the kitchen.

Option “B” is correct.
Clearly, nothing about ‘other things’ is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow, Also, since it is mentioned that programmes and magazines for women are stuffed with kitchen recipes and other household hints, it means that women have special interest in these areas. So, II follows.

5. Statements : The distance of 900 km by road between Bombay and Jafra will be reduced to 280 km by sea. This will lead to a saving of Rs. 7.92 crores per annum on fuel.
Conclusions :
I. Transportation by sea is cheaper than that by road.
II. Fuel must be saved to the greatest extent

Option “B” is correct.
According to the statement, sea transport is cheaper than road transport in the case of route from Bombay to Jafra, not in all the cases. So, conclusion I does not follow. The statement stresses on the saving of fuel. So, conclusion II follows.

6. Statements : Jade plant has thick leaves and it requires little water.
Conclusions :
I. All plants with thick leaves require little water.
II. Jade plants may be grown in places where water is not in abundance.

Option “B” is correct.
The statement talks of jade plants only and not ‘all plants with thick leaves’. So, I does not follow. Also, since jade plants require little water, so they can be grown in places where water is not in abundance. So, II follows.

7.Statements : Use “Kraft” colours. They add colour to our life. – An advertisement.
Conclusions :
I. Catchy slogans do not attract people.
II. People like dark colours.

Option “D” is correct.
The slogan given in the statement is definitely a catchy one which indicates that catchy slogans do attract people. So, I does not follow. Nothing about people’s preference for colours can be deduced from the statement. Thus, II also does not follow.

8. Statements : All those political prisoners were released on bail who had gone to jail for reasons other than political dharnas. Bail was not granted to persons involved in murders.
Conclusions :
I. No political – prisoner had committed murder.
II. Some politicians were not arrested.

Option “A” is correct.
According to the statement, the political prisoners can be divided into two groups – those who were released and those who were put in jail for political dharnas. However, no person involved in murder was released. This means that no political prisoner had committed murder. So, I follows. Clearly, II is not directly related to the statement and does not follow.

9. Statements : Modern man influences his destiny by the choice he makes unlike in the past.
Conclusions :
I. Earlier there were fewer options available to man.
II. There was no desire in the past to influence the destiny.

Option “A” is correct.
Clearly, I directly follows from the statement while II cannot be deduced from it.

10. Statements : Water supply in wards A and B of the city will be affected by about 50% on Friday because repairing work of the main lines is to be carried out.
Conclusions :
I. The residents in these wards should economise on water on Friday.
II. The residents in these wards should store some water on the previous day.

Option “E” is correct.
Clearly, the information has been given beforehand so that the residents can collect water on the previous day and use less water on Friday. So, both I and II follow.